toronto building code decks
(24 inches) in height above adjacent grade with no roof above. They will also have a great understanding of the Toronto deck building code and how to obtain a city of Toronto deck building permit for you. There are several deck builders in Toronto you can choose, but how do you know you’re choosing the right one for your backyard project? Toronto Building Customer Service counter. The Ontario Building Code Online. If this is a DIY project, you’re looking at a high sweat equity cost. It also applies to the alteration, change of use and demolition of existing buildings. When you are planning to build your backyard deck, it’s wise to check with The City of Toronto to find out if you require a building permit. Application to Construct or Demolish Form, Building permit application form required for all submissions. Both western softwoods have rich colour and natural beauty. Sizes and locations of all columns; sizes, locations and spans of all beams. Details of footings, including footing size, spacing, depth, height above grade and frost protection details. Poor construction could be the determining factor regarding the longevity of you deck. The IBC requires 42" high guardrails. Cost to build a Pressure Treated Wood deck: Low. Ipe (pronounced EE-pay), and Philippine Mahogany are just a couple of the tropical hardwoods that are available for building a deck. "The National Building Code of Canada requires that any deck higher than two feet above grade â a floating deck â is required to be designed by an engineer." Deck Guard posts shall be spaced not more than 2.4 m (8â-0â) apart n- n Wood columns to support wood beam Minimum column size 140 mm x 140 mm (6â x 6â) Reference NBC â Sentences 184.108.40.206. For example: when selling your home, the buyers demand to see the plans for the deck and know it adheres to Building Code. A building permit is required for any deck or porch that is attached to a building (regardless of area or height above grade). In fact, they are typically installed with some sort of hidden fastener that clips or screws into the edge of the boards since it’s virtually impossible to drive a nail or screw without first boring a pilot hole. It’s hard to relax if you are anxious about a broken step or wobbly railing or a frustrating design element. Reference NBC Sentence 220.127.116.11. All drawings, reports, and forms, including the completed Application for a Permit to Construct or Demolish, must be provided in PDF format on a re-writable DVD, a USB drive or submitted by email. Again, composite decking only requires periodic washing with soap and water, making it ideal for the Toronto climate. and minimum standards for building construction. For more information, check out the City of Toronto website. Backyard decks are often a destination for relaxation. This will ensure that the deck is safe for your family and friends. Section 1. Complete section 4 of the Ontario Building code. Pressure treated and exotic woods are generally more resistant to rot and insect infestation, than the cedars and redwoods. The Building Code Act, 1992 is the legislative framework governing the construction, renovation and change-of-use of a building in the Province of Ontario. Decks The following information is required at submission. There are approximately 40 million decks in the United States, and only half of those are code-compliant. Stair Construction Details, including height and depth of stair treads and headroom above stairs (where applicable). It’s also very vulnerable to seasonal weather damage and other harmful elements. Another factor is the height of the structure. PT lumber has traditionally been treated with a series of toxic chemicals however, since 2003 they have stopped treating with the suspected carcinogenic chromated copper arsenate(CCA). Spring is a good time to evaluate how well your deck stood up to the Toronto winter. One specific requirement is that the space between the surface and the bottom rail should not be more than 4â. list of eligible applications and detailed email submission process. Section 3. Poor construction can create moisture traps in areas that aren’t noticeable – such as the junctions between joists, beams, joint ends and other hidden structural sections. A Building Permit review for a deck, veranda or porch to an existing house. (1) The open sides of every platform, balcony and stairway forming part of a fire escape shall be protected by guards not less than 920 mm high measured vertically above the nosing of any tread or platform. Maximum 16'-6 "span for solid stringer (southern pine) Maximum 7'-0 â¦ Note: Some detached decks may not require a building permit. Complete section 3 of the Ontario Building code. You might not need to go down 4 feet into the soil. Improperly built decks can be dangerous. The process of framing a deck includes creating connections between joists, beams and support posts in order to build a code compliant deck structure. While initial costs of composite decking are high, the cost of future maintenance and deck repair are traditionally lower. Deck Permit Toronto Most deck projects require a permit from the city. © All Rights Reserved - 2001 -- Bryant Renovations Ltd. Our 2018 Guide to Toronto Deck Permits, Materials & Maintenance, Bryant Renovations, 2 Ravenwood Place, Toronto ON M4B 2M4, Canada, For more information, check out the City of Toronto website, Spring Time Deck Repair and Revitalization, contact our deck contractor experts today. Look at our gallery of previous exterior renovation projects on our website and contact our deck contractor experts today! Joists â¦ When considering these woods, you need to understand the difference between heartwood and sapwood. Ultimately the choice comes down to personal taste and your dedication to regularly protecting, maintaining, and revitalizing your deck. Pro Tip: When using a pressure washer on Western Red Cedar or Redwood, use a lower setting because, they are a softer wood and could be easily damaged if too much pressure is applied. Your online resource for Ontaio's complete online Building Code. homeowners, building owners, licensed design professionals and contractors and are intended to assist in establishing a consistent understanding of wood porch construction in the City of Chicago. Plus they are backed by our unprecedented 10-year workmanship warranty. All drawings to be done on standardized sized sheets, drawn to scale, fully dimensioned, signed and dated. The composite decking material often closely resembles natural wood-grain, while providing peace of mind that the material won’t crack, warp, rot, or splinter like natural wood decks. Cost to build a Tropical Hardwood deck: High. The sapwood grows in the outer part of the tree, and is generally softer and more susceptible to decay. Restaurant Building Codes. The 2015 National Building Code does note, however, that climbability restrictions are required for levels above 4.2 meters (13â²-9â³) above the adjacent level. Once the excavation for your deck is complete, as an option you can put 6â of gravel at the bottâ¦ Survey or site plan showing property lines, lot area, right-of-way or easements (referenced to a current survey). Summary of permitted and proposed zoning provisions to include lot area, building area (GFA), coverage and grade elevations to confirm height. For many, the deck is the favourite part of their home. Application for a Permit to Construct or Demolish â Effective January 1, â¦ KEEP IN MIND. In our previous blog post “Spring Time Deck Repair and Revitalization” we explore the methods of cleaning, painting/staining, and protecting/sealing your wood deck. Pro Tips on Building a Code-Compliant Deck By Rob Robillard. These woods are exotic and have a rich-grain, they are also extremely hard, very durable and naturally resistant to rot and insects. The OHBA has created these âTop 5 Listsâ for both Part 9 and Part 3 changes to the Ontario Building Code. The majority of amendments come into effect January 1, 2020. In the Policy Manual, it states that a building permit is not required for the construction of residential decks not exceeding 600 mm. Not all pressure treated lumbers are created equally – be sure to check the label. When compared to the previous options, composite decking is the most expensive alternative. It establishes detailed technical and administrative requirements. "Part 9 Ontario building code has rules about how close one can build to a neighbour. Application for a Permit to Construct or Demolish. The woods will require water-repellent preservative applied every few years. Each choice differs in price, resilience to damage, required maintenance, aesthetic, quality, and weight. Each municipality has different requirements for what is needed to obrain a deck permit. Call (416) 909-0127 for a free â¦ The deck contractor you hire should have a long list of references, several years of experience, a keen eye for design and detail, and a firm understanding of how to build the best deck for your backyard. as well as information about guard construction. Chicago Building Code Online. This is a popular option for those who lament having to maintain their deck. Stringers. The heartwood grows closer to the centre of the tree, and is harder and more resistant to decay. All of our decks are built to exceed building code standards with helical footings to assure that your deck remains level permanently. Since they are incredibly dense woods – they tend to be heavy and difficult to cut and drill. Commercial decks attached to multi-family buildings, such as apartment buildings or businesses, are regulated under the International Building Code (IBC). Building Codes Questions Ray Boosinger Phone: 217-557-6140 Fax: 217-524-4208 Ray.Boosinger@illinois.gov They will respond in five business days. Building Codes Reporting Phone: 217-524-6343 Fax: 217-524-4208 TDD: 217-524-4449 Windy.Gerlach@illinois.gov. Here is a list of things to consider before building your new deck. The minimum height of the railing varies based on the height of the deck. Washing periodically with water and soap will help keep your composite deck fresh and new. Customers also have the option to attend ANY Toronto Building Customer Service counter to make an application for any of the services listed above. Additionally, the stair railing height should measure at least 34â from the nosing to the top rail. The label will tell you what type and how much preservative was used. (1) and (2). Before you purchase PT decking material make sure you understand that it will require continual maintenance, mostly likely yearly sanding, staining and sealing, in order for it to look aesthetically appealing. Here are some of the issues that need to be considered before you begin building your deck in Toronto: Call before you dig! ft. in size, it will require a building permit. Decks that DONâT requirea Building Permit or Zoning Certificate include: a)Decks less than 23 5/8â (600mm) in height from walking surface to grade when measured in accordance with the Ontario Building Code requirements, b) Decks not providing access to the principal entrance, AND c) Decks not structurally connected to a building. Foundation to support wood columns must be extended to a depth below frost penetration. Review the list of eligible applications and detailed email submission process. Deck safety is a real problem. There are over 140 OBC changes to the 2012 Building Code released in 2019. If drawings were prepared by a qualified designer (as defined under Div. It may be time to call your local professional Toronto deck contractor. Get a permit! If you’re looking through a list of Toronto deck builders, consider the one with over 25 years of deck-building experience. It’s free – call 1-800-400-2255 Ontario One Call for a report. Unlike the I-Codes, the National Building Code does have climbability restrictions for guards. A building permit is required for any verandah or porch that is more than 60 centimetres off the ground. Beware! In either case, you are allowed to build taller guardrails as long as they conform to all other requirements stated in the code. You may dream of an oasis far from the madding crowd or an outdoor kitchen that would rival any cooking show or a gathering place for all the neighbourhood kids. Keep a strict maintenance regimen, whether it’s every year or every few years. The height code and other requirements for deck railing in Ontario are based on building experience and the areaâs climate. David Power, president of The Deck Builders in Toronto, tells me that while the foundation of most decks is usually pressure-treated wood, the veneer and railings are usually cedar. Please note: not all projects are eligible for email submission. Your deck may need to be replaced when – it is in a state of disrepair or, it feels unsafe or, it no longer suits your needs. Canada REsidential Rail Height and Dimensions Guards are required when then deck is 24" (60 cm) above grade. (2) The top rail of a guard is permitted to serve as a handrail if it is free from obstructions that could break a handhold. Complete submissions can be processed within 10 business ... Building Code Act, 1992, ... Toronto, ON M5G 2E5 (416) 585-6666 . Decks 24" to 5-10" (180 cm) need 36" guards and anything above 5-10" requires a 42" high railing. However, not all cedar and redwood are the same. Cost to build a Cedar/Redwood deck: Medium. The best way to ensure that your deck has a long life is good construction. Like any dream that comes to fruition, it requires good planning and a solid foundation. Joists and Decking Boards. We specialize in custom deck building, for commercial and residential clients.We have worked on everything from large-scale commercial decks, rooftop decks, terraces & pergolas to residential decks & balconies. To submit an application by email please use the ‘Email’ button on top of the Application for a Permit to Construct or Demolish. As for maintenance, you should apply a UV-blocking preservative every few years. If drawings were prepared by a qualified designer (as defined under Div. There are four predominant building materials used for decks in Toronto. Make sure your custom deck has the ability to adapt with the changing needs of your family and lifestyle. The National Building Code of Canada 2015 (NBC), published by NRC and developed by the Canadian Commission on Building and Fire Codes, sets out technical provisions for the design and construction of new buildings. GTA Decks is a premiere deck builder contractor serving the Greater Toronto Area (GTA). We invite you to experience the difference and understand why we are Canadaâs premier deck builder â right here in Toronto. Rim Joists are an IRC requirement. This in depth section will teach DIY builders to frame a deck, from installing a ledger board and frost footings to framing the perimeter of the deck. – when your deck is well-constructed you will avoid: Let’s dive into these issues more closely on how to build a deck that is problem free and will serve you and your family for years to come. Before you get ready for revamping, there are other Ontario Building Codes for decks that you should know about: The minimum stair handrail height for Ontario homes is 34 inches. For many, the best choice for decking are redwood or red cedar. Generally, if your deck is over 2 feet in elevation and/or is over 108 sq. To excavate the footing you can either use a hand clam shovel combined with a metal pry bar to loosen the soil and remove stones, rent a hydraulic auger (we do not recommend using a 2 man auger) or hire a company specializing in footing drilling. Indicate dimensioned parking areas, driveways, hard and soft landscape treatments, accessory structures (sheds, decks, detached garages, etc). For more information, contact The City of Oshawaâs Building Department at 905-436-5658. It’s essential, we’ll talk more about it later. The most affordable option for decks in Canada in 2018 is pressure treated (PT) lumber. No paper copies will be required. The best decks begin with a well-built foundation and a good plan or design. The following choices deserve a good amount of thought. The deck contractor you hire should have a long list of references, several years of experience, a keen eye for design and detail, and a firm understanding of how to build the best deck for your backyard. It’s always wise to do it right the first time otherwise you could be in store for future headaches. The Guidelines provide information regarding the design and construction of wood porches and decks, including Chicago Building Code and Let’s face it – it’s best to give your deck a yearly inspection every spring, as I noted previously, and address all the little issues before they become big issues. Accessibility. The gap between the floor of the deck and the bottom rail should not be more than â¦ Image Credit: Morris Decks. Building codes are exhaustive in nature, meaning they can dictate everything from the shade of paint in your food storage spaces to grease interception requirements in your kitchen. Required for all designers, except Engineers and Architects when applying for any Construction Permit. Property Owners, if exempted, from Qualification / Certification, they must fill-in the form to specify the reason for exemption. So, it’s important that you are well acquainted with proper deck repair techniques and procedures remember, a well-maintained deck can last for many years. Customers will be asked to present a re-writable DVD or USB drive containing all the necessary materials for the eligible service requests. Location of existing/proposed buildings with overall dimensions and include setback dimensions to property lines and adjacent buildings. Build Code 2017. There are issues that may arise when building a deck, especially if you’re planning to build it yourself. Whether there was a roof above was never at issue in the proceeding before Lack J., the only issue being the height of the deck from grade. Our 2018 guide will cover several areas that need to be considered before you can fulfill your dream of the perfect backyard deck; ranging from choosing the best materials for your lifestyle and environment, to deck repair and maintenance. Complete section 1 of the Ontario Building code. Section 4. All drawings to be done on standardized sized sheets, drawn to scale, fully dimensioned, signed and dated. These ingredients are put together to form a material that is denser, stronger, and heavier than wood alone, a wood-plastic composite. Bryant Renovations in Toronto knows how to create your dream custom deck that turns your backyard into a paradise. Both species contain tannins and oils that make them naturally resistant to rot, decay and boring insects and aren't pumped full of chemicals or preservatives. When contemplating a new deck, it’s an opportunity to reimagine your backyard. They will also have a great understanding of the Toronto deck building code and how to obtain a city of Toronto deck building permit for you. Ultimately, there is no wrong choice with any of the materials listed above. Building Codes & Regulations 401 South Spring Street 3rd Floor, Stratton Building Springfield, IL 62706. Please DO NOT include any personal information on your Building Plans (e.g., the homeowner’s name or phone number). Decks n'Stuff is a trusted construction and general contracting company serving the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) specializing in building wooden deck and garden structures such as pergolas, arbours, sheds, planters and benches. Rot and damage from boring insects can significantly compromise the integrity of your deck’s structure. A building permit is not required for an uncovered deck maximum 18.6 metres (about 200 square feet), not exceeding 0.6 metres (about 23.6 inches) above grade and not attached to an existing structure. Applicant is also responsible to comply with other tree protection bylaws. This is a change from the 2010 NBC which required climbability restrictions on all guards. Ontario Building Code is a regulation under the Building Code Act. Required for all projects where there is a potential for damage to private or City trees. You may see a hot tub or outdoor kitchen in your future, make sure the deck you are building will allow you to grow. Over 360 technical changes have been incorporated in this new edition. They may have broken some laws there," commented one person in the latter sub. Build it properly! The 4 foot requirement is something written into the Ontario and National Building code in part 9. Every year we hear about decks that collapse under the weight of people or snow load. Building Plans submitted for Permit are subject to disclosure in accordance with the Municipal Freedom of Information and Protection of Privacy Act (MFIPPA). A Building Permit is required for all decks except where: â¢ Distance from the finished ground to the finished deck is not more than 24â and â¢ The deck is not supporting a roof Note: A deck must comply with the building code and zoning requirements. It all depends on the location and the type of soil you have. Once you have your footing plan, you need to excavate proper diameter holes (specific to your deck plan and depend on the tributary load area to each footing) to a depth of 4â. Composite lumber is made from a mixture of wood fiber, plastic, and some type of binding agent. Guard Construction Details, including information about openings and climbability, and the location of the guards with respect to stairways, landings, and edges of the proposed platform. Letting issues persist will only create more headaches and end up costing you more money in the long run, not to mention the danger of the deck collapsing and injuring someone. C, Part 3, Section 3.2 of the Ontario Building Code), drawings must include the designer’s name, registration number, qualification identification number, signature, and stamp/statement that the person has reviewed and taken responsibility for the design activities. Restaurant building codes determine the structural requirements for your building to be considered a safe location for customers. This is key – you could accidentally hit anvunderground water, power, and gas line. The accessibility provisions of the 2019 Chicago Construction Codes (primarily Chapter 14B-11 and Section 14R-3-305) apply to all permit applications started on or after December 1, 2019, regardless of whether the project is electing to follow other provisions of the 2019 Chicago Building Code or Chicago Building Rehabilitation Code (links above). I have been using deck blocks for the better part of 25 years and none have ever moved. Generally speaking, PT lumber is the most cost-effective choice. The cost can be roughly 3x the price than that of a deck built with pressure treated wood.