qualitative descriptive case study
F31 NR015693/NR/NINR NIH HHS/United States, F31 NR015702/NR/NINR NIH HHS/United States, T32 NR009356/NR/NINR NIH HHS/United States. MacKinnon K, Marcellus L, Rivers J, Gordon C, Ryan M, Butcher D. JBI Database System Rev Implement Rep. 2015 Jan;13(1):14-26. doi: 10.11124/jbisrir-2015-1694. The phenomenon that the researcher is addressing has happened sometime in past and the researcher cannot find any other way to describe it. For example, in health care the researcher gathers information from a selected respondents about a diet plan or a diabetes medicine etc. NLM The “event” is understood as an integrated system in operation, why it requires an analysis that gets interpret and reconstruct the system. Survey research allows you to gather large volumes of data that can be analyzed for frequencies, … Author: O’Neil Duncan. A case study approach “enables an in-depth investigation of one phenomenon within a single entity” (Polit and Beck, 2014, p. 235 Authors should be clear about what results had been achieved in the timeframe of the case and what results were not yet known. qualitative description; qualitative research; systematic review. Based on these findings, recommendations include encouragement to researchers to provide as many details as possible regarding the methods of their QD studies so that readers can determine whether the methods used were reasonable and effective in producing useful findings. As the name suggests this type of research describes the phenomenon it does not inquire about the questions like “how” and “why”. Later the researcher uses this information to formulate questionnaire or conduct experiments. Rittenmeyer L, Huffman D, Alagna M, Moore E. JBI Database System Rev Implement Rep. 2016 Feb;14(2):174-255. doi: 10.11124/jbisrir-2016-2270. Moreover, “descriptive studies may be characterised as simply the attempt to determine, describe or identify what is, while analytical research attempts to establish why it is that way or how it came to be”. 2020 Oct 20;11:588667. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2020.588667. Pp-334. HHS At first it was a usefu Required fields are marked *, Please Answer * For example, the HR personnel of a company that wishes to analyze the job role of each employee of the company may divide the employees into the people that work at the Headquarters in the US and those that work from Oslo, Norway office. The description should be factual and avoid judgment. Qualitative Case Study Research as Empirical Inquiry Andrea D. Ellinger, Department of Human Resource Development, The University of Texas at Tyler, Tyler, ... interpretive, or evaluative case studies. Objective: The purpose of this methodology paper is to describe an approach to qualitative design known as qualitative descriptive that is well suited to junior health sciences researchers because it can be used with a variety of theoretical approaches, sampling techniques, and data collection strategies. Analysis and Evaluation 2018 Dec;24(1):9-18. doi: 10.1080/13814788.2017.1375091. Student and educator experiences of maternal-child simulation-based learning: a systematic review of qualitative evidence protocol. }. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. The report gives a complete picture of the hiring process as observed in the field study. While, these questions are answered in causal, explanatory, or exploratory studies. Descriptive case studies present detailed description of the phenomenon and are not typically guided by established or hypothesized generalizations. … Qualitative research methods are designed in a manner that help reveal the behavior and perception of a target audience with reference to a particular topic. Front Psychol. Qualitative research takes into account only the descriptive analysis to understand the social and human conditions whereas the Empirical method deals with both numerical analysis and descriptive analysis to get a comprehensive understanding of the subject matter. Descriptive research can be explained as a statement of affairs as they are at present with the researcher having no control over variable. The thematic analysis in this paper uses a descriptive approach with focus on lived experience, which refers to our experiences of the world. The researcher asks respondents about their knowledge relevant to a particular phenomenon. Descriptive research methods. Hvalič-Touzery S(1), Hopia H(2), Sihvonen S(3), Diwan S(4), Sen S(5), Skela-Savič B(6). Elysia Yue Xian Chiam, Violeta Lopez, Piyanee Klainin-Yobas, Perception on the mind-nurse program among nursing students: A descriptive qualitative study, Nurse Education Today, 10.1016/j.nedt.2020.104492, (104492), (2020). : 07-0087. display: none !important; Qualitative case study methodology provides tools for researchers to study complex phenomena within their contexts. Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sars-cov-2/. You might have a specific rationalist or modernist theory that describes … The experience of adults who choose watchful waiting or active surveillance as an approach to medical treatment: a qualitative systematic review. Avoiding and identifying errors in health technology assessment models: qualitative study and methodological review. NIH The case study is a descriptive qualitative methodology that is used as a tool to study something specific in a complex phenomenon. In this systematic review, we identified characteristics of methods and findings reported in research articles published in 2014 whose authors identified the work as QD. What is Research: Research Characteristics, What is Research: Definitions and Meanings, Writing a Research Essay: Steps and Concepts, Purposeful Sampling in Qualitative Research, Ethical Issues in Participant Observation, Causes and Solutions of Juvenile Delinquency, What are the qualities of a good research topic, How to Preserve Food using Natural Food Preservatives. Leave a comment Case studies describe a … 2010 May;14(25):iii-iv, ix-xii, 1-107. doi: 10.3310/hta14250. Knowledge deficit on health promotion activities during pregnancy: the case for adolescent pregnant women at Chiladzulu District, Malawi. Exploratory and descriptive studies usually tend toward the qualitative and inductive, whereas explanatory studies are more often quantitative and deductive (David and Sutton, 2011: 165-166). A common feature of descriptive cases in land policy is the long timeline of results. “Characteristics of Qualitative Descriptive Studies: A Systematic Review.”. Quantitative designs can be experimental, quasi-experimental, descriptive, or correlational. In this case, the aim of the researcher is to collect some descriptive information before conducting experiments or survey. ... You may use three main tools for descriptive research analysis: Case studies, survey research, and observational methods. Therefore, descriptive study can also add depth to a quantitative research. A qualitative descriptive case study method was used to examine the importance of multicultural competencies in providing international practical placements in health and social care in five partner countries. It can help you a lot and no matter what type of descriptive research you will choose. Ahmed A, Blackburn DF, Evans C, Rosaasen N, Mansell H. Can J Kidney Health Dis. seven Next step is important too – don’t forget to choose a case study! Case studies are commonly used in social, educational, clinical, and business research. PDF | On Feb 26, 2015, Hossein Nassaji published Qualitative and descriptive research: Data type versus data analysis | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate As such, the association of case study analysis with a qualitative approach is a “methodological affinity, not a definitional requirement” (Gerring, 2006a: 36). JBI Database System Rev Implement Rep. 2015. "Case study research is a qualitative approach in which the investigator explores a bounded system (a case) or multiple bounded systems (cases) over time through detailed, in-depth data collection involving multiple sources of information (e.g., observations, interviews, audiovisual material, and documents and reports) and reports a case description and case-based themes" (ibid. Case study research has a long history within the natural sciences, social sciences, and humanities, dating back to the early 1920's. The Saskatchewan Medication Assessment Program for Patients With Renal Failure: A Qualitative Study to Understand Health Care Provider Perspectives. Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. Or gathers information from secondary sources like books and periodicals etc. Data Collection, Data Collection, Research Design, Research Design Selection Despite the fact thatit has often been viewed as a soft research method, it is actually remarkably difficult to execute well in practice. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Your email address will not be published. doi: 10.1097/TXD.0000000000001068. The answers to these questions are not possible form first hand experiments, or observations. Health Technol Assess. Case study research may feature single cases or multiple cases (e.g., often two to four).