uffington white horse facts

06 Dec 2020
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Qualified archaeologist with a BA (Hons) from the University of Nottingham and an MPhil in Greek Archaeology from the University of Birmingham. Although the Uffington White Horse is carved into the Berkshire Downs, it is actually over the border, in Oxfordshire. It is believed to have been carved into the hillside near the town of Uffington, in Oxfordshire, sometime during the late Bronze Age, between 1380 B.C. Without doubt the White Horse is an iconic symbol for the county of Wiltshire. However, the carving is believed to date back much further than that. The method of cutting these huge figures was simply to remove the overlying turf to reveal the gleaming white chalk below. The horse lies on the Ridgeway Trail, Britain’s oldest footpath. If, as is now believed, the Celts were settled in Britain at the latest by the end of the Bronze Age, then the White Horse could still be interpreted as a Celtic horse-goddess symbol. The Uffington White Horse seen from the air The original White Horse, a stylized Bronze Age figure carved into an Oxfordshire hillside This wonderfully stylized and minimalist horse is the granddaddy of white chalk figures, first carved some time in the late Bronze Age some 3,000 years ago. Thank you! Due to the similarity of the Uffington White Horse to the stylized depictions of horses on 1st century BCE Celtic coins, it had been thought that the creature must also date to that period. High quality Uffington White Horse gifts and merchandise. Ancient History Encyclopedia. The earliest documentary reference to a Horse at Uffington is from the 1070′s CE when ‘White Horse Hill’ is mentioned in Charters from the nearby Abbey of Abingdon, and the first reference to the Horse itself is soon after, in 1190 CE. The most famous of these figures is perhaps also the most mysterious, the Uffington White Horse in Oxfordshire. The Horse is only part of the unique complex of ancient remains that are found at White Horse … A number of other prehistoric remains… Learn how your comment data is processed. The result was a date for the Horse’s construction somewhere between 1400 and 600 BCE, in other words it had a Late Bronze Age or Early Iron Age origin. Name * Email * Website. It is situated facing NW near the top (at approx. Unfortunately, no one can shed some light on its origin. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Required fields are marked *. It was originally in the county of Berkshire, but under the Local Government Act 1972 it was transferred for local government purposes to Oxfordshire. Compared to the huge stone permanence of structures like the Avebury Monuments and Stonehenge, hill figures are much more transitory, ten or twenty years without scouring and the carving could be lost forever. Clearly they wanted to make their mark at the highest point in the landscape, and perhaps a white horse was their tribal totem. What was the purpose of these giant figures, who carved them, and how have the oldest examples survived for perhaps thousands of years? Submitted by Brian Haughton, published on 30 March 2011 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Others believe the huge beast may be a tribal symbol dating back to the Ist-century BC. Some researchers see the Horse as representing the Celtic horse goddess Epona, who was worshipped as a protector of horses, & also had associations with fertility. It is of unknown origin and date but is certainly prehistoric. and 550 B.C. The Uffington White Horse hill figure is on the Berkshire Downs on the south side of the … There have been at least twenty-four of these hill figures in Britain, with no less than thirteen being in Wiltshire, with the oldest white horse, just over the border at Uffington in Oxfordshire. This unique stylized representation of a horse consists of a long sleek back, thin disjointed legs, a … Helpful. Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. The Uffington white horse. Other articles where Whitehorse Hill is discussed: Vale of White Horse: …856 feet (285 metres) at Whitehorse Hill, on which a gigantic figure (374 feet [114 metres] long) of a horse is cut, the turf having been removed to reveal the white chalky subsoil. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. Read more. More controversial are the Cerne Abbot Giant in Dorset and the enigmatic Long Man of Wilmington in Sussex. The top of the hill offers a wonderful scenic view of the White Horse valley. It is believed to have been carved into the hillside near the town of Uffington, in Oxfordshire, sometime during the late Bronze Age, between 1380 B.C. facts, great facts, interesting facts. The internationally-renowned Bronze-Age Uffington White Horse can be seen for miles away leaping across the head of a dramatic dry valley in the Ridgeway escarpment. Old European Decipherment: Cracking the code of Old European by analyzing... Notebook: Tribal Horse , Journal for Writing, College Ruled Size 6"... Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. It was probably a tribal symbol, intended to designate the area that a tribe controlled. The figures include giants, horses, crosses and regimental badges. Not all of these gigantic chalk figures are very old. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. A nearby hill is the highest point in Oxfordshire, at about 262 metres. It was not just scratched into the chalk hillside, but rather dug in, up to 3 feet deep. For those of you who don’t know it, or aren’t lucky enough to live as I do, in the Vale which bears its name, the Uffington White Horse is a prehistoric chalk figure, cut into the turf to expose the white chalk beneath, close to the Iron Age hillfort known as Uffington Castle which rings the crest of the hill above it – but a bit older, late Bronze Age - around 3000 years old. Above the White Horse, topping the hill, is an 8-acre hillfort, Uffington Castle, and the highest point in Oxfordshire. This is northwest of London, approximately 160 miles (by modern driving routes) from Dungeness, where the French troops are landing. This is the Uffington White Horse, the oldest of the English hill figures. Direct r… (2011, March 30). The monument is 360 feet (110 metres) long and has a maximum height of 130 feet (40 metres). This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. BringBackBuck8 wrote a review Dec 2019. The Uffington White Horse is a prehistoric hill figure, 110 m (360 ft) long, formed from deep trenches filled with crushed white chalk. Some Rights Reserved (2009-2020) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. The Uffington White Horse is a 110m long figure cut into a chalky hillside in Oxfordshire, England. Also nearby is the Manger, a series of giant terraces, where the white horse is said to sleep at night. Martin Symington visited the sight and couldn't decide if it looked more like a horse or a dragon. The oldest and most famous hill figure in England is the 110 m long and 40 m high Uffington White Horse, located 2.5 km south of the village of Uffington on the Berkshire Downs, Oxfordshire. We have learned about Rangoli patterns and the story of Rama and Sita. Find out more about the Anglo-Saxons. Other articles where Whitehorse Hill is discussed: Vale of White Horse: …856 feet (285 metres) at Whitehorse Hill, on which a gigantic figure (374 feet [114 metres] long) of a horse is cut, the turf having been removed to reveal the white chalky subsoil. A legend connected with Dragon Hill, a low natural flat-topped mound situated in the valley below the White Horse, suggests that the Horse depicts the mythical dragon slain by St. George on that hill. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. The Uffington White Horse One of the most magnificent and mysterious sights in England is the Uffington White Horse. Local historians fancy that it's linked with Alfred the Great, but it is now understood that it greatly predates that period. White Horse of Uffingtonby superdove (CC BY-NC-SA). The blood of the dying dragon was supposed to have been spilled on Dragon Hill, leaving a bare white chalk scar where to this day no grass will grow. It was presumably created out of crushed chalk deposited into deep trenches. Alternatively, the carving may have been created for ritual / religious purposes. It is only 1.6 km from the Neolithic Chambered long barrow of Wayland’s Smithy and not far from the Bronze Age cemetery of Lambourn Seven Barrows. The White Horse of Uffington is one of the most impressive sites close to the ancient Ridgeway path. It is of unknown origin and date but is certainly prehistoric. The horse was a direct influence on much later hill figures of white horses, including Kilburn White Horse (1858) in Yorkshire and Folkestone White Horse (2003) in Kent, in addition to the white horse cut from heather that existed from 1981 until the mid-1990s in Mossley, Greater Manchester. Uffington Castle: White horse location - See 83 traveler reviews, 28 candid photos, and great deals for Uffington, UK, at Tripadvisor. Nearby is a small hill with a flat top, known as Dragon Hill. The carving has been placed in such a way as to make it extremely difficult to see from close quarters, and like many geoglyphs it is best appreciated from the air. Of course, the other big attraction at Uffington is the White Horse, a stylised horse shape, picked out in the chalk on the hillside beside the hillfort. The 140 km trail dates from prehistoric times and was used by farmers and travellers. It is located on a hillside in Oxfordshire, a few km from the towns of Wantage and Farringdon. Uffington White Horse. It's … The method of cutting these huge figures was simply to remove the overlying turf to reveal the gleaming white chalk below. Your email address will not be published. Dated 3,000-years-old by archaeologists, the Uffington Horse is believed to be the stallion that started this trend. Ordnance Survey grid reference: SU 302 866 The Uffington white horse, one of only four that face to the right, is high on an escarpment of the Berkshire Downs below Whitehorse Hill, a mile and a half south of the village of Uffington, and it looks out over the Vale of the White Horse. Was the Uffington white horse carved by supporters of a cult of the horse-goddess or created for ritual or religious purposes? From shop WeldedBliss. The Uffington White Horse is 110 metres long. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. The Museum explains the history and archaeology of the area, including the world-famous Uffington White Horse, illustrates the village’s connections with Thomas Hughes and his famous books, and also the time that the late poet laureate, Sir John Betjeman, spent living in Uffington with his family. One fact about the White Horse of Uffington Did you know? The oldest and most famous hill figure in England is the 110m long and 40m high Uffington White Horse, located 2.5km south of the village of Uffington on the Berkshire Downs, Oxfordshire. Nobody knows for sure the reason for the white horse. The famous White Horse is the oldest chalk-cut hill figure in Britain, perhaps over 3,000 years old. It was presumably created out of crushed chalk deposited into deep trenches. The internationally-renowned Bronze-Age Uffington White Horse can be seen for miles away leaping across the head of a dramatic dry valley in the Ridgeway escarpment. Other articles where Uffington White Horse is discussed: Berkshire: …the Iron Age, is the Uffington White Horse, which is carved into the chalk of the White Horse Hill. Bibliography Ancient History Encyclopedia.

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