central pacific railroad founders
They established a contracting company together, naming it Farnam and Durant. "He brooked no opposition, whether from associates or employees, on policies which had to be determined. He had at least two brothers, Charles Wright Durant and William F. Durant. The rail was fifty-four pounds and one set of men handled the entire amount laid that day. He then returned to his home in Albany and on September 30, 1850, married Jane E. Lathrop, who was for forty-three years his good and faithful wife. He found investors for what became the Central Pacific Railroad (CPRR). The young wife was to follow her husband over land and sea before his death, as did many another engineer's wife in those days. One side of Hopkins' character is shown by the trust that the other three associates reposed in him. Strobridge resisted, but in vain, and soon the two men were together again building railroad as they had done over many years in the past. Their daughter, Héloïse Durant Rose (1853–1943), was a poet, dramatist, and critic. After that, Huntington represented the railroad in New York. "If they treat me well they may expect similar treatment at my hands. HE CONVINCED FOUR SACRA- MENTO MERCHANTS THAT HIS PLAN WAS PRACTICABLE AND ENLISTED THEIR HELP. In a report to the directors, dated June 1, 1863, Judah, as chief engineer, describes in detail the surveys made tip to that date and refers especially to the preliminary location surveys on the adopted route over the mountains. I called upon him about 1897 and found him well and hearty, although nearly blind. However, his health was failing, and while on a trip to Arizona to recuperate, lie died. One of his most noteworthy achievements was his rebuilding of the bridge over the American River forty hours after it was burned. The Central Pacific Railroad Company was leased to a new holding company, the Southern Pacific (incorporated in 1884). In the final 12 years of his life, he had to deal with multiple lawsuits from embittered partners and investors. Subsequently, the Union Pacific's establishment is usually credited to its largest stockholder Doctor Thomas Clark (T.C.) His first wife was Elizabeth S. Stoddard of Litchfield, Connecticut, whom he married on September 18, 1844, and who died in 1884. In 1873, Durant asked his children to come back home, so they could help him in regaining the family’s wealth in the Adirondack Wilderness where he had acquired half a million acres of land. One result of this acquaintance was that bills were put in shape and introduced in Congress by Burch, and a compromise measure was brought to the Senate by Senator Gwin of California. Among the names of assistant engineers on construction are found those of [Alonzo Russll] Guppy [portrait above, right], Phelps, Bates, Finley, Eaton, and [Henry] Root. Judah became impatient and expressed himself in a letter to his friend Strong, dated May 13, 1863: "I had a blow-out about two weeks ago and freed my mind, so much so that I looked for instant decapitation. In all of these later ventures, Huntington was the moving spirit. They cut about one-third out of the book to keep it at a $5.00 price. Therefore facts bearing on this subject are of interest. Subsequently, the Union Pacific's establishment is usually credited to its largest stockholder Doctor Thomas Clark (T.C.) It is noteworthy that none of the four men who built the Central Pacific had any experience in railroad construction or management. However, on May 8, 1869, Sacramento saluted Judah's name. From that time on, Crocker was active in construction work on the lines that later became the Southern Pacific. During the period of active work and the prosecution of surveys, differences of opinion had developed between Judah and the men who were directing the affairs of the companyStanford, Huntington, Hopkins, and Crocker. May 10, 2012 - Six years after the groundbreaking, workers complete the First Transcontinental Railroad, which joined the Union Pacific Railroad (built east from Sacramento) and the Central Pacific Railroad (built west from Omaha). Dr. Strong had heard of Judah's explorations and invited him to come to Dutch Flat to examine the Donner Pass route. Southern Pacific Railroad. In October of that year he returned to Indiana to marry Mary A. Deming, a union that was rewarded with three sons and one daughter. That record stands, so far as I know, the best that has ever been made. In the year 1882, this writer, as a telegraph boy, clad in a bright blue uniform with brass buttons, delivered messages to the firm of Huntington, Hopkins and Co. He examined a route through Eldorado County, California, by way of Georgetown, another by way of Henness Pass at the headwaters of the North Yuba, and third by the Dutch Flat Route over Donner Pass. The founders of the Central Pacific Railroad Company became fabulously wealthy. There he lived at Ottawa with his family, securing such primary education as Was then available. Finally the road did not command the possible traffic from the northern region of the state. Crocker became the head and director of the construction forces and, as such, believed that he built the railroad; while Hopkins, an older man, directed the accounts and harmonized the diverse opinions of his three colleagues. The founders of the Central Pacific Railroad were a study in contrast. The Judah monument at Sacramento, which was started and completed by W. H. Kirkbride, chief engineer of the Southern Pacific Company, was dedicated at a meeting of the American Society of Civil Engineers on April 26, 1930, and the completed Monument was unveiled in February, 1931. However, he was one of the adventurous throng who came to California in the Gold Rush and prospered there. Mr. W. B. Storey, who for many years engaged in railroad work in California and was a Iong-time president of the Santa Fe Railroad, gave the author of this book his impressions of Strobridge. Berkeley in 1917 was in Geology. Congress could not agree upon a route and the country was rapidly drifting toward the Civil War. He also established his sons in industry and in banking. His wife after many years married a young man, and with the exception of a partition with Timothy Hopkins, the estate, valued at $20,000,000, was no longer of great influence in railroad affairs. Another thing in which he took satisfaction was the laying of ten miles of rail in one day. The elevation of the Pass is 6,690 feet.". The friend said he had a foreman in his employ that he felt sure would fill the bill and named Strobridge, who was employed and soon showed his ability as a driving force in the very difficult construction over the mountains, including heavy cuts and fills, tunnels, granite rock, snow of great depths, labor, keeping supplies going to the front, building wagon roads to reach the heavy work ahead, and the innumerable things necessary in this task which was of unprecedented magnitude. In 1854, after accumulating considerable wealth, he formed a partnership with Mark Hopkins, whose store adjoined his on K Street. The Central Pacific Railroad (and later the Southern Pacific) maintained and operated a fleet of ferry boats that connected Oakland with San Francisco by water. Judah, who was called an enthusiastic lunatic, returned to Sacramento disgusted with San Francisco. B. F. Leete was a friend and associate of Judah in the earlier work. The Southern Pacific began in 1861 as a company called the Central Pacific, formed to build a railroad east … Rights & Permissions; Homework, by JOHN DEBO GALLOWAY, C. E. The history of the Central Pacific Railroad begins with Judah, and in the years before his early death that history was largely involved with his efforts in business and legislative matters as well as with the expected engineering problems. Because of this, Durant disregarded his engineers and gave instructions to build extra tracks in large oxbows. This testimonial was signed by thirty-five members of the House and by seventeen Senators. The man whose activities form a part of the history of California for more than three decades and whose name is perpetuated in the great university that he founded and endowed, was born March 9, 1824, the fourth son of a family of seven sons and one daughter. After his death more complete examinations were made by additional surveys, and in some important cases material changes were made. Having strong views on that subject, he assisted in forming the Republican party in California in 1857, and it was there that he met his future associates, Hopkins, Huntington, and Crocker. Meanwhile, he artificially raised the value of his M&M stock by spreading the rumour that he was going to link the Transcontinental Railroad to it. The Niagara Gorge Railroad from Niagara to Lewiston, at that time considered a remarkable feat of engineering, was built under his charge. He was close to the allotted life span of three score years and ten, and had achieved success as success is usually measured, greater than most men of his time. At Lockport, New York, he became the leading partner in the firm of Hopkins and Hughes. California State Railroad Museum Foundation makes no warranties, expressed or implied, and hereby disclaims and negates all other warranties, including without limitation, implied warranties or conditions of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, or non-infringement of intellectual property or other violation of rights. The Big Four made the dream of a trans-Sierra Nevada railroad a reality with the joining of the Central Pacific and Union Pacific rails at Promontory Point, Utah, on May 10, 1869. Lewis M. Clement was born at Niagara in the province of Ontario, Canada, in August, 1837, and after a long and useful life, died at Hayward, California, October 29, 1914. It was agreed that a corporation should be formed and articles were written with that end in view. Ultimately, he managed to trade $2.18 million of UP stock to subscribers. Mr. Strobridge consented, but stipulated that he would not live on the work, as he had on the Central Pacific, that he would organize the work and visit it as often as he felt necessary and named what he considered a high salary in those days. In 1836 the family, including another son, John, moved to Rockford, Illinois, where, like thousands of other families of that time, they engaged in farming the new land. Th… Like many other men, Strobridge drifted from one venture to another and it was while employed as foreman of an hydraulic mine that he came to the notice of Charles Crocker, who employed him in the early construction work on the Central Pacific. Unarguably the most blatantly criminal activity of Durant’s career was the establishment of Crédit Mobilier of America.
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