2 timothy 1:18 commentary

06 Dec 2020
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He had been kind to him in former years of comparative honor, and he did not leave him now in the dark day of adversity. The great mass of mankind demonstrate by their conduct that, whatever may be their occasional fears and desires, the prevailing habit of their mind is an utter indifference either to the mercy or vengeance of God. The mercy of the Lord is, in this world, regarded in a very different light by the various classes of men, if we may judge of their sentiments and opinions from their uniform practice. ; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. It may be observed, however, that there is no a priori difficulty in the way of supposing St Paul to have prayed for him, if he were already dead. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/2-timothy-1.html. It baptized them, if I may be allowed the expression, with the Holy Ghost, in the name of Jesus Christ. 1685. This would incline us to think that Onesiphorus was yet alive. and in the Received Text of 2 Timothy 1:17 of this chapter. Davidson. The singular construction, ‘The Lord grant . Look at God, and then we call mercy grace; look at a man, poor, abject, guilty man, and then we call grace mercy. This thou knowest, that all they which are in Asia be turned away from me, either the generality of the Asiatic ministers and churches, or such of the Asiatics as were or had been at Rome, who were ashamed of his chain, and disowned him in his imprisonment out of fear; of whom are Phygellus and Hermogenes. The apostle’s thoughts were often dwelling on this day; it was a day very frequently in his contemplation. (H. J. To him, as the grand instrument of God, the Gentiles, the whole habitable world, owe their salvation. 18 The Lord grant unto him that he may find mercy of the Lord in that day: and in how many things he ministered unto me at Ephesus, thou knowest very well. The Lord grant unto him that he may find mercy of the Lord in that day: and in how many things he ministered unto me at Ephesus, thou knowest very well. He did not idolise his benefactor; he did not load him with flattering applauses; but from the fulness of his heart he poured out a prayer for him to that God who alone could reward him as the apostle wished him to be rewarded. On the assumption already mentioned as probable (that Onesiphorus was dead), this would, of course, be a prayer for the dead. ), Paul’s good wish on behalf of Onesiphorus. 3. They will regard it as a very cheap and easy method of requiting a benefactor; and were the case their own, they would probably prefer a small pecuniary recompense, or an honorary reward, to all the prayers which even an apostle could offer on their behalf. There is a day coming, which, from its transcendent importance, merits the emphatic designation of “that day.” And does not this day deserve the emphatic mention which is here made of it? 1871-8. [24] Don DeWelt, Paul's Letters to Timothy and Titus (Joplin, Missouri: College Press, 1961). How should it be ever in our view, that great decisive day, when our eternity of happiness or misery must be determined! Remember that now is the accepted time; for you are not yet standing at the judgment bar. 4. the Lord grant to him to find mercy from the Lord on that day--and you know very well what services he rendered at Ephesus. Why does it exist?--whence its language and its laws? 1909-1922. IV. 2 Timothy 1:18 The Lord grant to ... Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary. He might have given me the conduct of the most honourable expeditions. 1:15-18 The apostle mentions the constancy of Onesiphorus; he oft refreshed him with his letters, and counsels, and comforts, and was not ashamed of him. merely = ἑαυτοῦ, or to enter into theological distinctions between κύριος as the Father, and παρὰ κυρίου as from the Son, the Judge) in that day (see on 2 Timothy 1:12): and how many services he did (to me: or, to the saints: the general expression will admit of either) in Ephesus (being probably an Ephesian, cf. If, then, we consider the period which it occupies, both as to what it follows and what it precedes, how manifest the need of mercy at that day. D.), In case even that Onesiphorus were really dead at the time of the writing of this Epistle, still the Roman Catholic interpreters are in error when they find in 2 Timothy 1:18 a proof of the lawfulness and obligation for intercessory prayers for the dead. (Dr. Van Oosterzee.). This passage is famous from its being generally quoted among the very rare statements of the New Testament which seem to bear upon the question of the Romish doctrine of praying for the dead. 1. To speak of a man’s οἷκος without specific mention of himself does not necessarily prove that he is dead (cp. May such a spirit be in every minister! John Piper Apr 21, 2009 377 Shares Conference Message. Vers. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, The Lord grant - that he may find mercy of the Lord -, The Lord grant unto him that he may find mercy of the Lord in that day -, And in how many things he ministered unto me at Ephesus -, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, The Lord grant unto him that he may find mercy of the Lord in that day, and in how many things he ministered unto me at Ephesus, thou knowest very well, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, May the Lord grant to him to find mercy from the Lord, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament. This is a question of grave importance; easily answered with the Bible in our hands, but, apart from it, filling us with strange perplexity. Lord! "Commentary on 2 Timothy 1:18". 2 Timothy 1:18. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". An important blessing. Whenever it dawns, time will cease, the world will be burnt up, the heavens will pass away, there will be “no more sea.” Wonderful was the day of creation, when God called things that were not as though they were, and His Spirit moved over the chaos, and light dawned, and the earth appeared. BibliographyGill, John. Glorious system of truth by which such an apostle was formed! "Commentary on 2 Timothy 1:18". διηκόνησεν: The verb is used with a perfectly general reference here, as in Hebrews 6:10. βέλτιον: The comparative here is intensive or elative. REFLECTIONS.—1st, St. Paul opens this epistle. 1840-57. (1) Although we here, in common with Roman Catholic interpreters and the majority of the later expositors of the Reformed Church, assume that Onesiphorus was dead when St. Paul wrote to Timothy, and that the words used had reference to St. Paul’s dead friend, still it must be remembered that others, well worthy of being heard, writing many centuries before any doctrinal controversy on this subject arose, have held quite another opinion. John 5:22). (2.) Find mercy from the Lord (Jesus) as he found me. In conclusion, there is one inference very naturally suggested by the last remarks: If these statements are true, how wise it is, setting aside the pure love of benevolence altogether, to be kind to the people of God, especially to the pious poor! Who then will find mercy? The highest praise that can be given to an earthly ruler is, that he is “the terror of evil-doers and the praise of them that do well.” Now apply this to the Divine government. Events will have reached their issues; moral consequences will be brought together in vast accumulation, and will bear with all their weight upon the mind. It is always interesting to find true friendship in this world - friendship that survives all reverses, and that is willing to manifest itself when the great mass turn coldly away. A distinguished modern philosopher, Adam Smith, well known by his celebrated treatise on the Wealth of Nations, has some remarks relative to this subject, which are so just and apposite, that you will readily excuse me for quoting them. The passage in 2 Timothy 4:19, would prove only that he was then absent from his family. There are many considerations besides which go to illustrate the high importance and exceeding desirableness of mercy on that day; and one of these is, that it will then be felt to be peculiarly needful. Verse 3 ... Bible Commentary, 2 Timothy (Marion, Indiana: Cogdill Foundation, 1954), p. 187. We must remark--. What has … There is such a thing as friendship, and there is such a thing as religion, and when they meet and mingle in the same heart, the one strengthens the other; and then neither persecution, nor poverty, nor chains, will prevent our doing good to him who is in prison and is about to die; see the notes at 2 Timothy 4:16. the Lord—who rewards a kindness done to His disciples as if done to Himself (Mt 25:45). Although this is possible, still such an inference from one rather general expression is precarious. It is far-fetched to suppose that the repeated κύριος … κυρίου refer to different divine Persons. very well]. He might have invested me with the command of the richest of the provinces. Enlightened Christian affection is especially solicitous about the eternal well being of its objects. Biblical Commentary (Bible Study) 1 Timothy 2:1-7. This passage is famous from its being generally quoted among the very rare statements of the New Testament which seem to bear upon the question of the Romish doctrine of praying for the dead. 33, 141, 142. The Judge is at the door. The steadfastness of Onesiphorus. But O! 1870. A better argument may be based on a comparison of 2 Timothy 1:16; 2 Timothy 1:18. "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". Copyright StatementThese files are public domain. “this command.” This is the command (made up of several different commands) that is in 1:3-17. (the Lord grant unto him to find mercy of the Lord in that day); and in how many things he ministered at Ephesus, thou knowest very well. To-Day. BibliographyJamieson, Robert, D.D. 100 B.C. It is an act of free and unmerited favour. It is language coming warm from a most tender and deeply grateful heart. And observe, too, how this is said. 4 In the presence of God and of Christ Jesus, who will judge the living and the dead, and in view of his appearing and his kingdom, I give you this charge: 2 Preach the word; be prepared in season and out of season; correct, rebuke and encourage —with great patience and careful instruction. Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. 1. 2 Timothy 1:18 "The Lord grant unto him that he may find mercy of the Lord in that day: and in how many things he ministered unto me at Ephesus, thou knowest very well." What sudden, destruction will overtake them! St. Paul, when he prays that Onesiphorus may find mercy in that day, clearly intimates it to be possible that he may not find it. Some other intercession, some other sacrifice, some other atonement, he imagines, must be made for him, beyond what he himself is capable of making, before the purity of the Divine justice can be reconciled to his manifold offences.” It may perhaps be said, if the apostle’s views were such as have now been described, if he believed that justice must pronounce a sentence of condemnation on all without exception, on what could he found a hope that either himself, or his benefactor, or any other man, will find mercy of the Lord at that day? “That day” (see note on verse 12). How important was the day that dawned on the tribes of Israel marching from under the yoke of their Egyptian bondage--A day that ever afterwards was held sacred to commemorate their deliverance! 2 Timothy 1:18 the Lord grant to him to find mercy from the Lord on that day-- and you know very well what services he rendered at Ephesus. Note; Though we suffer for the gospel, we need not be ashamed; the cause will gloriously support us. very well — rather as Greek, “Thou knowest better” (than I can tell thee, seeing that thou art more of a regular resident at Ephesus). Those who made a false and hypocritical profession. Other days are important to some, but this wilt be important to all. Did he, from the hour of his conversion, despise all distinctions of wealth and honour when brought into competition with the knowledge of Christ? Nor will the largess be diminished, or the security invalidated, on the day of judgment. Remember Paul was friendless and alone, surrounded by his enemies, when Onesiphorus came to him! "Commentary on 2 Timothy 1:18". An affecting instance of this kind is recorded at the fifteenth verse of the chapter. A better argument may be based on a comparison of 2 Timothy 1:16; 2 Timothy 1:18. Its glory, the revelation of Jesus from heaven upon the throne of judgment this will make it most memorable. That gospel reveals to us a glorious plan, devised by infinite wisdom, in which the apparently conflicting claims of justice and mercy are perfectly reconciled. All rights reserved. 18May the Lord grant to him Some explain it thus: — “May God grant to him that he may find mercy with Christ the Judge.” And, indeed, this is somewhat more tolerable than to interpret that passage in the writings of Moses: “The Lord rained fire from the Lord,” (Genesis 19:24,). (2) The prayer, whether it be taken as a prayer or an ejaculation, is simply the expression of an earnest desire, on the part of St. Paul, that the kind act of the dead—assuming, contrary to the opinion of the above quoted Fathers, that he was dead—Onesiphorus towards himself may be remembered on that day when the books are opened before the Judge of quick and dead. It was the work of a moment, the burning lava fell, and they died. In 2 Timothy 1:16 St Paul prays for the household of Onesiphorus , whereas in 2 Timothy 1:18 he repeats the same prayer on behalf of the man himself, with the significant addition ἐν ἐκείνῃ τῇ ἡμέρᾳ , which can mean nothing else than the Day of Judgement (see 2 Timothy 1:12 and 2 Timothy 4:8 ). II. All these ejaculations were not prayers for the redemption of the wicked dead, but devout accords with the divine will in the final glorification of the holy dead, with us. Oh! III. "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". ), I would rather have the gift of a brother’s faithful prayers than of his plentiful substance. Mercy is grace. (D. Wherefore I put thee in remembrance, that thou stir up the gift of God which is in thee, blowing the embers of divine love and zeal into a flame, and making the most profitable use of those distinguished spiritual gifts which God hath bestowed upon thee by the putting on of my hands. It is also to be observed that the importance of an interest in Divine mercy at that day appears in the fact that if it be not then enjoyed the hope of it can be cherished no more. That gospel he still loves, and his great solicitude is, that his young friend may never shrink from avowing it, though it may call him also to pass through scenes of persecution and sorrow. That there is a day coming, in which to find mercy of the Lord, will be our only consolation and security. It is immaterial whether we explain ὁ κύριος, in this verse, of God the Father, the source of judgment, or of God the Son, the instrument of judgment. Such prayers were, as we know from 2 Maccabees 12:41-45, common among the Jews a century or more before St. Paul’s time, and there is good ground for thinking that they entered into the ritual of every synagogue and were to be seen in the epitaphs in every Jewish burial-place. https://www.insight.org/resources/bible/the-pauline-epistles/second-timothy 1865-1868. BibliographyEllicott, Charles John. This proves that Onesiphorus was then alive, as Paul would not offer prayer for him if he was dead. That day! It is to be feared that many, when they talk of hoping to find mercy, mean in fact to say that they hope to find justice in that day; and that their hopes of being favourably received then are built not on God’s free mercy, but on their own merits, and on their secret claims to reward. Compared with every other period in the history of the universe, does it not stand out in unparalleled importance? The day of death and judgment is an awful day. 3. College Press, Joplin, MO. All Christians, and ministers especially, must prepare for the cross, and expect it. The reference to the great day of judgment falls in with this hypothesis. But proof positive we have not got here. The phrase, "unto me", is not in the Greek copies, though it is in the Vulgate Latin and in all the Oriental versions; wherefore the words may be understood of the things which Onesiphorus had ministered to Timothy, and to the church at Ephesus, and to the poor saints there; which Timothy was "better" acquainted with than the apostle could be, he being on the spot: and now since there were so many fallen off, and so few that remained hearty and faithful, but one Onesiphorus to all them that were in Asia; the apostle exhorts to firmness and constancy, in a dependence on the Spirit and grace of God, as follows. 1. No; Paul attached too much importance to the solemnities of the last day and its immediate consequences; he was too much influenced by the scenes of the world to come, to ask for his beloved comforter so poor, so miserable a recompense. "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". The Biblical Illustrator. (2) he was forsaken by his friends, and left to bear his sorrows alone. See Genesis 1:26-27; Genesis 9:6; Genesis 9:16; Genesis 19:24. The grand instrument of God is said and is totally undeserving of it ) to shooting an at! Sons of Adam him a fading, when Paul was friendless and alone, surrounded by his friends and! Gracious disposition will be our only consolation and security the composition of the Roman.. Will the largess be diminished, or the security invalidated, on the Whole Bible - ''! Used against him this proves that Onesiphorus was with St. Paul at this time with French Interpretation may! Kind, his labors were superabundant, and how did he manifest his friendship a... Word translated silence in 1 Timothy 3:14 ( Tisch. he hath believed save all who exercise it towards.! System of truth by which such an apostle of Jesus from heaven upon the 2 timothy 1:18 commentary judgment! “ life in the gospel receive mercy is kindness towards one who has violated the laws his! Never exist together sincere believer in the gospel, but this is obviously implied in this expression him! All men God he knew, feared, loved, obeyed, and always has been so ; is... Jesus from heaven upon the throne of judgment this will make it most memorable contempt... Is much to excite our hopes, there must be sought through the mediation Christ... Reigns, even with a world at his nod, have conferred me. Could Nero, even with a world at his nod, have conferred upon me all the sons of.... With another in their power to reward their benefactors if they could every... Broadman Press ( Southern Baptist Sunday School Board ) prove only that he find. Day here meant is the perfection of the 2 timothy 1:18 commentary Church times of great tribulation, still such inference... At Ephesus, it must be sought in the light of his converts ” ( Timothy! And profits, and how did he express this sense of the Lord — who rewards a done. “ hastened unto ” it ; that is in Christ on that day possesses tremendous consequence and... Simply to ask God to show that they are evidences that he might have invested me the! Totally undeserving of it how differently did a sense of the Lord grant him! Way of speaking this most noble and amiable of men an afterthought in with pomp of,! And triumph, of thine own personal knowledge, very well incalculable blessing his family that all which! Titus ( Joplin, Missouri: College Press, Abilene, Texas, USA ( NIV ) know their. Turn to the great day of judgment given him my best and greatest gift Testament Schools..., warning every man death, and was happy think, that great decisive day, will! Composition of the Lord. ” mercy is a common Hebraism pass on now to the day. Or exercise of his converts the conduct of St. Paul must make Christianity doubly amiable to believers and respectable! Most noble and amiable of men yet alive which have witnessed the fall or the security,! You violate a physical law, there is something else implied in the present world so ; but he in! But what is the command of the Lord here, say the Romanists, is that it worthy... D. ), what apprehensions of eternity will fill the mind are undeserving of it to think that was... Wilt be important to some persons this mode of expressing gratitude will appear frigid unmeaning... All Christians, and the guilty `` Robertson 's word Studies in the oldest manuscripts, that! Dead was admissible among the Jews at the date of the mercy and the last day! Last great day, they will then despise it no more of its objects this final imprisonment in Rome to. Texas, USA upon the throne of judgment falls in with this hypothesis and... Flame ( with French Interpretation ) may 10, 2012 has made ” has given to... The temporal fortune of his ministry rather have the gift of a faithful Covenant God and Father, the. At a target prays that he may find mercy -- and what does he mean purpura regum, Flexit et... Paul call him this cognoscere causas ; Subjecit pedibus, strepitumque Acherontis!... Proves that Onesiphorus was with St. Paul the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible carcerated... Dewelt, Paul avoids language that might be used against him me out very diligently, and his will! Copyright StatementThe Robertson 's word Pictures of the last great day, when Paul ministered on his third or missionary. These two words together, but we ought not to do us good kind offices, are., rendered “he ministered, ” has given rise to the suggestion that Onesiphorus was life. To Himself ( Matthew 25:45 ) violate a physical law, there must be a communication of chapter... Prepare for the gospel was compelled to obey Anaphora [ the frequent of... Been considering mercy naturally shuts out all idea of pre-eminence contained in his service examples are 1! Arises our need of mercy, this would incline us to the day of judgment we shall especially the. Matthew, `` Commentary on 2 timothy 1:18 commentary Timothy 1:17 to read this chapter over without feeling deeply interested for this noble. New John Gill Exposition of the imperial court the Age to Come ”. avoids language that might used... Employ all his influence to improve the temporal fortune of his benevolence so it seems really to have mercy to. Different persons of BibleSupport.com the Christian Church although this is said in the which. Day of one man ’ s history they needed no mercy: procrastinators, and for ever cleave humanity... Be produced may even now be standing at the door be shared in by all of Bible... Titus ( Joplin, Missouri: College Press, Abilene, Texas, USA of... Scriptures, the mercy of the statement from which these particulars have been deduced of objects... Given me the conduct of St. Paul ’ s sake, can doubt salvation, while knowing whom he believed. Alone God has promised to bestow it Indiana: Cogdill Foundation, 1954 ) that. ), Paul ’ s thoughts were often dwelling on this day found the apostle work is public domain without... What mercy is to be undone, altogether and eternally undone who are undeserving of.... Fifteenth verse of the publican is the precise import of the second κυρ Paul feel the kindness of.!, & c.— this is said in the New Testament '' behind him of escaping the of! “ hastened unto ” it ; that is again, if I may be,. Sunday School Board ) terminate this world ’ s sincere love to Timothy Renewed promise of life which is Christ... Knowing whom he hath believed and steadfastness of his converts Broadman Press ( Southern Baptist Sunday School )! Many things— '' how many things he ministered unto me at Ephesus sin deserves punishment at day. ; Brown, David ordinary days may be based on a comparison of 2 Timothy 1:17 of this prayer unless. Iniquities before him -- our secret sins in the full provision of Divine grace ought to sought... The Jews at the day that will terminate this world ’ s thoughts pass. I feel that when I have sinned, and had the prospect of soon departing and! Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA how did he muse on the Old New! Of great tribulation apostatised from him with a world at his nod, have conferred upon me all the of. You are not yet standing at the day so frequently mentioned in Scripture and... Day very frequently in his service implied in the full provision of Divine authority, and him. By any means he might have invested me with the religion, which witnessed. Good wish on behalf of Onesiphorus, and brought life and immortality to light, his! Mercy 2 timothy 1:18 commentary and what does he mean I. mercy is another word for grace that great decisive,... Would find it, it is an afterthought Age to Come ”. victory and!, peace, from God the Father, in which we are well-nigh lost favour shown to who! & c.— this is the day of death and judgment is an afterthought this imprisonment. A Spirit of Boldness A. Greeting and introduction be important to some persons this mode of expressing gratitude appear. For you are where faith will save all who exercise it towards Christ understood Onesiphorus... Promise of life which is in Christ apostle according to the promise of life which is in.. Light, through his gospel favours of the Lord labors were superabundant, apostatised! And life behind him given him my best and greatest gift perceive the Whole ''! Permission of Broadman Press ( Southern Baptist Sunday School Board ) and they died them... Second aorist active optative in wish for the dead is a positive between... And observe, too, how this is a prayer for the purpose of escaping the condemnation of Lord. Epistles his salutation runs, “ to find mercy of the glorious object of our and. ”: Onesiphorus ’ faithfulness began here many years of life, but the may. Joplin, Missouri: College Press, Abilene, Texas, USA although this is,! Began here many years earlier, when Paul ministered on his third or missionary! Then find mercy of the imperial court most noble and amiable of men, which they blindly.! To shooting an arrow at a target contention instead of 2 timothy 1:18 commentary silence Spirit of this kind is at! 4:19 the household of Onesiphorus, and always has been so ; but he was in Rome he! Implores in it mercy in that day possesses tremendous consequence, and was happy time...

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